A reflex is an automatic reaction, for example removing your hand from extreme heat. A reflex arch is the path of the reaction.
It starts at a sense organ e.g a finger;
receptors pick up stimuli e.g heat;
Sensory neurones carry an electrical impulse to the CNS;
A relay neuron carries the impulse through the CNS where a response is decided;
The new impulse is sent through a motor neurone;
This makes an effector carry out a response e.g muscle contracts to bring finger away from heat.